Aside from Deciphering the Runes Book in Disney’s Frozen, I’ve been trying to decipher the runes on King & Queen of Arendelle’s gravestones too. But could not manage to get the good quality picture of that scene until I found this post on reddit. The Korean source has better quality picture than I’ve ever had and that web page also deciphered the runes and reveals the name of King & Queen of Arendelle as Akðar and Iðunn.
I agree to the writer of that page that the Queen’s name was “Iðunn” but as I researched for male Nordic names compare to the transliteration, I have a slightly different assumption on the King’s name. I also think I have a more suited translation for the second line of both stones. Here is my take.
|Left stone – Line 1|
|Left stone – Line 2|
|Right stone – Line 1|
|Right stone – Line 2|
(The letter ð is pronounced like ‘th’ in ‘this’. Its anglicized form can be th, d, or dh though I choose ‘d’ here as it’s more common and simple. The same way most people prefer ‘Odin’ than ‘Othin’ or ‘Odhin’)
(Chrome browser may not render runic font properly. If you don’t see runic characters in the table above, try other browser)
“Iðunn” is no doubt a good name for the Queen.
But ‘akþár’ is the puzzle. It might be “Akþar” or “Akðar” but it doesn’t seem to be a name. “Akhtar” sounds more like a real name but it’s quite Eastern and I don’t think the consonants Akthar supposed to be switched to Akhtar. Per my assumption, “Eggþór”, sounds uncommon and strange to me even I don’t know much Nordic. Yet it is by far the best Nordic name I can find that matches ‘akþár’ runes. Some believes it rhymes with a more common Icelandic name “Garðar” but it against the ‘akþár’ runes. Maybe I’ve misread the runes. I think they are ᛅᚴᚦᚬᚱ but they’re still too blurry to be sure. Maybe they are something else, I don’t know.
4 Apr 2014 Update: I think I was wrong about the name “Eggþór”. I just found that there is a male Nordic name “Agdar” which is the modern form of Old Norse “Agðar” and that perfectly matches the runes. So this time I am quite confident to state that the King’s name was “Agðar”.
And for further reference. “Iðunn” is a Norse goddess’ name; means “ever young”. “Agðar”, a short and masculine form of ‘Agatha’, means “good, honorable”.
5 Apr 2014 Update: What I’d called “gravestones” should actually be “memorial stones” because the bodies are not actually buried there, so they are not graves.